5

ɡ 7 .

.

2008 ѡ ɡ 8 .

ʡ "" 5 .

1- 1792



" " ɡ 1790 14 .

BUS ɡ 10 " " 8 ѡ 1971 ϡ "" .

"" ѡ " " ɡ ޡ ء 2.7 ɡ .

/ 1972 ɡ ɡ 25% / /ѡ "" .

"" ɡ 25% / "" ɡ ѡ "" .

"" ɡ ǡ ɡ .

ޡ ѡ .

2- 1825



ǡ ߡ 34% 1820 1825.

"" ʡ ǡ 5% 1822 3.3% 1824 1% 1820 1825.

ǡ ڡ 1820 23 1826 ϡ ǡ 1822 1825 21 2.8 .

ɡ 6 ѡ .

1823 ʡ ء ɡ 1826 10% .

1825 ѡ ǡ ʡ .

ߡ ǡ ȡ .

1826 ߡ ʡ ɡ .

3- 1857



͡ ɡ 1857 25 ѡ ڡ 80 ѡ .

1857 ֡ " " ɡ ǡ ϡ 13 / .

ǡ / .

"" 1858 ֡ ǡ 1857 .
4- 1907



ߡ 1907 22 ߡ ڡ ɡ 50% .

ѡ 1907 ϡ .

" " / 22 / 1913 .
5- 1929-1933



29 / 1929 ϡ ȡ .

͡ 60% .

1931 1350 / 1931 ɡ ǡ .

ǡ ɡ ʡ ɡ .

1933 ɡ 1933 1935 ʡ .

1933 .